CAT RULES

                                                                                                               2021 Rules

 

 

 

 Many of our veteran and some of our newer riders are competing without having the proper class designated on the front of their bike. This makes it hard on the Checker to score you correctly. Even a section split card for your class or letter made from colored tape is better than breaking this rule.

 

 When cleaning up the section after you have finished scoring, please try to get all the white ribbon into the checker backpack. That white boundary ribbon is printed with "CentralArizonaTrials.Org" all along it. Pieces on the ground become positive evidence of who left it out there!

 

 Also, It is unwritten trials etiquette to thank your checkers for observing your rides on the third loop.

CAT Rules Download in PDF.

CENTRAL ARIZONA TRIALS, INC.

CENTRAL ARIZONA TRIALS


RULES OF COMPETITION FOR MOTORCYCLE OBSERVED TRIALS

Updated: March 1, 2021


www.centralarizonatrials.org
TABLE OF CONTENTS
Section A: ELIGIBILITY
Section B: COMPETITION CLASSES and RIDER CLASSIFICATION
Section C: TROPHIES, TRANSFER POINTS and RIDER RANKING
Section D: THE TRIALS COURSE
Section E: SCORING
Section F: GENERAL INFORMATION
Section G: SUPPLEMENT
Appendix
A – SECTION ORCHESTRATION
C.A.T. Rules of Competition 2021
Section A: ELIGIBILITY
1. Championship points shall be awarded only to residents of the State of Arizona who are members of
Central Arizona Trials. If a rider joins or renews their membership after the current trials season has
begun, Championship points will only be awarded from that date until the end of the current trials
season.
2. Due to legal and safety implications an AMA or FIM approved helmet must be worn whenever
operating a motorcycle at a trials site.
3. Each machine must have an effective silencer, tether type kill switch and spark arrestor. Machines
competing in an event must have a U.S. Forest Service (USFS) approved spark arrestor or a USFS
approval sticker.
4. Chains or other traction devices are not permitted.
5. As an aid to checkers, every machine must have a number plate with the rider's proper class
designation. It is suggested, though not required, that Class 1, 2 and 3 riders include their state
ranking number from the previous year. Plate type shall be left to the judgment of the rider.
6. In Expert, Sportsman, Clubman, Senior, Novice, and Twin Shock Classes an event must be
completed on the same machine upon which the event was started.
7. "Trials" tires only are required in all classes except Bicycle. This applies to both wheels.
Section B: COMPETITION CLASSES and RIDER CLASSIFICATION
Section B1: Competition-Classes
EXPERT LEVEL - Competitors who have accumulated 20 transfer points competing in Sportsman Class
become qualified. Expert Class shall be divided into three levels of competition each duplicating the U.S.
National class:
PRO - Shall be a "high intensity" level of competition determining the overall "Arizona State Trials
Champion" for each competition year.
EXPERT - Shall be a level of competition leading to the Arizona Expert State Championship.
EXPERT SPORTSMAN - Shall be a level of competition between Expert and Sportsman that will
lead to the Arizona Expert Sportsman State Championship.
SPORTSMAN - Competitors who have accumulated 20 transfer points competing in Clubman Class.
Competition in this class will lead to the Arizona Sportsman State Championship.
CLUBMAN - Competitors who have accumulated 20 transfer points competing in Novice Class. Competition
in this class will lead to the Arizona Clubman State Championship.
NOVICE - Any beginning rider, regardless of age, who feel that they are not ready to ride Clubman Class OR
any rider who has accumulated 15 transfer points in Beginner Class. Competition in this class will lead to the
Arizona Novice State Championship.
BEGINNER - Any rider, regardless of age, who feels they are not ready to ride Novice Class. This class is
generally designed for persons with no previous riding experience. Competition in this class will lead to the
Arizona Beginner State Championship.
JUNIOR ELECTRIC - CLASS A (Advanced)- Any rider, 14 years or younger, competing on any type of
electric motorcycle. Generally, riders in this class shall complete the Junior line as specified by the
Trialsmaster. The exact nature of Junior Electric Class competition at each event may be modified at the
discretion of the Trialsmaster. In that case, all Junior Electric Kids riders will be notified prior to the start of the
event.
JUNIOR ELECTRIC - CLASS B (Beginner)- Any rider, 14 years or younger, competing on any type of
electric motorcycle. Generally, riders in this class shall complete the Junior line as specified by the
Trialsmaster. The exact nature of Junior Electric Class competition at each event may be modified at the
discretion of the Trialsmaster. In that case, all Junior Electric Kids riders will be notified prior to the start of the
event.
JUNIOR STRIDER Any rider, 14 years or younger, competing on push bicycles. Generally, riders in this
class shall complete the Junior line as specified by the Trialsmaster. The exact nature of Junior Strider Class
competition at each event may be modified at the discretion of the Trialsmaster. In that case, all Junior Strider
riders will be notified prior to the start of the event
JUNIOR BICYCLE - Any rider, 14 years or younger, competing on any type of pedal bicycle. Generally,
riders in this class shall complete the Junior line as specified by the Trialsmaster. The exact nature of Junior
Bicycle Class competition at each event may be modified at the discretion of the Trialsmaster. In that case, all
Junior Bicycle riders will be notified prior to the start of the event
SENIOR SPORTSMAN - Riders 35 years old or older who choose to ride Sportsman lines. Competition in
this class will lead to the Arizona Senior Sportsman State Championship.
SENIOR CLUBMAN - Riders 35 years old or older who choose to ride a combination of Clubman and
Novice lines. Competition in this class will lead to the Arizona Senior Clubman State Championship.
SENIOR NOVICE - Riders 35 years or older who choose to ride Novice lines. Competition in this class will
lead to the Arizona Senior Novice State Championship.
SUPER SENIOR SPORTSMAN - Riders 55 years old or older who choose to ride Sportsman lines.
Competition in this class will lead to the Arizona Senior Sportsman State Championship.
SUPER SENIOR CLUBMAN - Riders 55 years old or older who choose to ride a combination of Clubman
and Novice lines. Competition in this class will lead to the Arizona Senior Clubman State Championship.
SUPER SENIOR NOVICE - Riders 55 years or older who choose to ride Novice lines. Competition in this
class will lead to the Arizona Senior Novice State Championship.
TWIN SHOCK - Any trials specific motorcycle that is equipped with dual shock rear suspension. Twin Shock
competitors will ride the Novice lines. Number plates will be marked "TS". Competition in this class will lead
to the Arizona Twin Shock State Championship.
BICYCLE - Any bicycle rider, regardless of age, competing on any type of bicycle. Generally, riders in this
class shall complete one loop, riding the Beginner line (or as specified by the Trialsmaster) twice
consecutively at each section. The exact nature of Bicycle Class competition at each event may be modified
at the discretion of the Trialsmaster. In that case, all Bicycle riders will be notified prior to the start of the
event
MASTER CLUBMAN - Riders who may have accumulated 20 transfer points competing in Class 3,
Clubman or other experience and choose to ride Clubman lines rather than competing in Class 2, Sportsman.
Competition in this class will lead to the Arizona Master Clubman State Championship.
Section B2: Rider Classification
1. Competitors may compete in any class they wish by riding "non-trophy" and designating such on
their paid entry. (Exception: Only current Sportsman Class riders may compete in Expert Class as
non-trophy.) Competitors who ride as a non-trophy entry shall not receive a trophy or transfer points
in the class being ridden, nor will they count as a rider towards the distribution of trophies. They will
not affect the placing of the other riders in the class. All event fees are applicable to non-trophy
riders.
2. Competitors who have accumulated their transfer points and do not wish to move up to the next
class may ride non-trophy until their transfer points expire.
3. A rider wishing to ride a non-trophy class, plus ride his own class must have prior approval of the
Trialsmaster to ride the non-trophy class. This is necessary due to checker availability.
4. A rider must complete all loops of his or her competition class before starting a non-trophy class if
two classes are to be ridden in one day.
5. If a rider enters a higher level class on a non-trophy basis and finishes above a competing member
of that class in two events, the rider will automatically be transferred to the higher class based upon
"demonstrated ability".
6. Competitors may move up one class by petitioning the C.A.T. Trials Committee Chairman in writing
with recommendation by two active C.A.T. members competing in the class, which he/she intends to
enter.
7. The C.A.T. Trials Committee may, by majority vote, upgrade a competitor who is grossly under
classed. The competitor involved must be consulted before, and be present during, such a vote.
8. If a C.A.T. competitor has earned no transfer points (or trophies in the case of Expert Class), in the
previous competition year, he/she may petition the Trials Committee Chairman to be moved down
one class. Such a petition shall be in writing and must be accompanied by recommendations from
two active members of the class, which he/she intends to enter. The decision will then be made by
majority vote of the Trials Committee. Exception: Once any rider has transferred from the "Beginner"
class, he/she cannot be reclassified as a Beginner. However, under extraordinary circumstances,
the Trials Committee Chairman may make an exception to this rule.
9. A single entrant constitutes a class. Transfer and championship points will be awarded as explained
in the Trophies, Transfer Points and Rankings section.
10. A Rider, Novice Class and above, may change classes only once in a season, and the new class
must use a different line. This rule does not apply to the Twin Shock class. However, under
extraordinary circumstances, the Trials Committee Chairman may make an exception to this rule.
Section C: TROPHIES, TRANSFER POINTS AND CLASS RANKING
1. Trophies:
1. Trophies shall be awarded in each class on the basis of the number of riders in that class with the
exception that non-trophy riders do not figure into the count. Trophy distribution is as follows:
1 to 3 competitors = 1 trophy
4 to 6 competitors = 2 trophies
7 to 11 competitors = 3 trophies
12 to 18 competitors = 4 trophies
19 to 26 competitors = 5 trophies
27 to 35 competitors = 6 trophies
Thereafter, one trophy given for each 10 competitors.
2. Trophies awarded for performance other than in regular classes, such as team, hot dog, etc., shall be
proposed by the Trialsmaster and coordinated with the Trophy Chairman.
3. At the end of each trials season, the C.A.T. Trials Committee shall select the "Most Improved Rider"
and present this rider with the appropriate traveling trophy, which he/she may keep for the following
season.
4. At the end of each trials season, the C.A.T. Trials Committee shall select the "Most Outstanding
Youth" C.A.T. trials rider under 16 years of age and present this rider with the appropriate traveling
trophy which he/she may keep for the following season.
5. At the end of each trials season, the C.A.T. Trials Committee shall select the "Checker of the Year"
and present this person with a plaque, inscribed with the checker's name, the year of the season, and
the words "Arizona State Observed Trials Checker of the Year" as a permanent award.
6. At the end of each trials season, the C.A.T. Trials Committee Chairman will determine the overall
winner of the Pro class. The winner shall receive the following:
1. The Arizona State Observed Trials Champion Perpetual Cup, inscribed with the rider's name, to
remain in the rider's possession for the next season.
2. A plaque, inscribed with the rider's name, the year of the season, and the words “Arizona State
Observed Trials Champion" as a permanent award.
3. A Trials oriented prize such as a helmet or tire.
7. At the end of each trials season, the C.A.T. Trials Committee Chairman will determine the overall
winner of each of the other classes. Each winner will receive a plaque inscribed with the rider's name,
the year of the season, and the words "Arizona State Observed Trials ________ Class Champion"
respectively, as a permanent award, regardless of the rider's current class at the end of the season.
2. Transfer Points:
Riders shall be awarded on the basis of the number of trophies presented in a class as follows:
1. A rider placing first in his class shall receive a number of transfer points equal to the number of trophies
awarded in that class.
2. A rider placing second in his class shall receive a number of transfer points equal to the number of
trophies awarded in that class minus one.
3. A rider placing third in his class shall receive a number of transfer points equal to the number of trophies
awarded in that class minus two, and so on.
Example: If there are 21 riders entered in a class, there will be 5 trophies awarded and transfer point
distribution will be as follows:
1st Place = 5 points
2nd Place = 4 points
3rd Place = 3 points
4th Place = 2 points
5th Place = 1 point
6th Place and below = 0 points
4. Riders competing in the Senior Novice, Senior Clubman, Senior Sportsman, Super Senior Novice, Super
Senior Clubman, Super Senior Sportsman, Twin Shock, Expert Sportsman, Expert and Pro classes will
not receive transfer points. Riders in Sportsman will receive transfer points to qualify for Class 1
participation.
5. Transfer points over two "trials seasons" old will be dropped from the transfer points standings.
6. A rider that completes the majority of the season's events in a class will not be forced to point out of that
class that season. They will move to a higher class the next season.
3. Class Ranking:
All riders competing at Arizona State Championship events shall be awarded "Championship Points" leading
to overall class rankings for the season. Championship points and class rankings shall be determined by the
following rules:
1. All Arizona State Observed Trials events shall be considered championship events unless approved as
non-championship events by the Trials Committee. Any approved non-championship events will not add
to any rider's championship or transfer points total.
2. Championship points will be awarded based upon each rider's finishing position among riders eligible for
championship (as defined in Sec.A.1.) on each state championship event. Points shall be awarded as
follows:
POSITION POINTS
1 30
2 25
3 21
4 18
5 16
6-20 Decreases 1 point per position
21-29 Decreases 0.1 point per position
30-39 Decreases 0,01 point per position
3. All year-end rankings shall be determined from the best finishes in the championship events held each
season – as follows: 6 events-5 best finishes 7 events-5 best finishes 8 events-6 best finishes 9 events-7
best finishes 10 events-8 best finishes; 11 events-8 best finishes; 12 events-9 best finishes; 13 events-10
best finishes.
4. At the end of each trial season, the Trials Committee Chairman shall rank all competitors in each class as
to their final placing in the class. No other competitor may use that assigned ranking position number
during the following trial season.
5. In the case of a tie in the amount of points for the Number One ranking in a class, the Number One plate
and State Championship shall go to the rider with the most wins. In the event that there is still a tie, the
rider with the most seconds, then thirds, then fourths, etc., shall be determined the winner. If a tie still
exists, then all additional championship events will be added to the best finishes for each rider. The rider
with the most championship points for these events shall be declared the winner. If the riders are still
tied, then the overall points differential in the events they competed in together are used. The rider with
the least amount of total points for these events shall be declared the winner.
6. Each rider will keep his/her class ranking number for the complete season and will have the privilege of
displaying that number on the front of the bike. However, when the rider transfers to the next higher
class, the rider will then assume the "last place" number then existing in the new class.
7. Non-trophy ridden events will not count towards any class ranking. If a rider who repeatedly rides nontrophy
has no points towards a ranking, then that rider shall receive the last place number in the rider's
"normal" class for the coming season.
8. The Trials Committee Chairman will provide a state ranking at the end of the competition season for every
class.
9. In order to make a class championship eligible, at least one (1) rider needs to compete in 50% of the
championship events plus 1 event. (i.e. If there are 6 events per year, 1 rider must ride 3 events + 1
event = 4 events to make the class championship eligible) 7 events=5 rides; 8 events=5 rides; 9
events=6 rides; 10 events=6 rides; 11 events=7 rides; 12 events=7 rides; 13 events=8 rides
10. For any rider, 15 years old or older to be championship eligible he/she must accrue checker credits equal
to at least 50% of the events they ride during a season. At a buddy check trial, all competitors are
considered as checkers.
11. Up to 2 morning and 2 afternoon Trialsmasters, as designated on the event flyer, per event will be
awarded 30 championship points and 3 checker credits each, for a maximum of 1 event per season. Any
additional workers or helpers will not be awarded championship points or checker credits.
12. No checker credits will be given for standby Checkers.
Section D: THE TRIALS COURSE
1. Sections boundaries must be marked clearly with white ribbon as continuous as possible. Section arrow
markers shall be black for Pro, red for Expert, white for Sportsman, green for Clubman, yellow for Novice
and blue for Beginner gates.
2. It is permissible to divert routings of the various classes within a section. All such changes in routing shall
be done in a concise and legible manner by signs at least as large as the conventional "pie plate". Note:
Generally, the Expert Sportsman class will ride the harder Sportsman lines or moderate Expert lines in
their entirety. The section start gate will be marked "ES=S" or 'ES=E".
3. Similarly, the Senior & Super Senior Clubman classes may ride either the harder Novice lines or
moderate Clubman lines in their entirety, so "SC=N" or "SC=C" must be marked on the start gate.
4. Under extremely unusual circumstances and as a last resort, the Trialsmaster may change the above
color codes and marking methods as long as all competitors and checkers are made aware of the change
prior to the event.
5. Entry and Exit Gates:
a) Entry gates must be marked with TWO section arrow cards (minimum 6" x 6") marked "Section
Begins" or "Start". Blue will be used for AM and Gold for PM sections. The entrance gate must
display the section number and classes for which the section is intended. The start gates for the
Expert Sportsman and Senior Clubman classes will be marked as indicated in D.2 & 3 above.
b) Exit gates must be marked with TWO red section arrow cards (minimum 6" x 6") marked "Section
Ends", "All End", "Finish", or "Exit".
c) All entry and exit gates MUST BE AT LEAST FOUR FEET WIDE!
6. Artificial Boundaries:
a) Artificial boundary gates or tapes may be used to define the section laterally. Any such gate or
boundary must conform to the color-coding describe in section D.1.
b) Each artificial boundary gate must be clearly visible to a person standing in the previous gate.
c) No artificial boundary gate may be less than three and one-half feet (3' 6") wide.
d) A rider cannot go backward through a boundary gate.
e) A rider cannot go through any other class’s boundary gates.
7. To ensure that sections are not unduly dangerous, the Safety Committee or Steward may inspect all
sections prior to the event. If a section is determined to be unduly dangerous, the Trialsmaster must
change or remove the section. The Safety Committee's or Steward’s ruling shall be final.
8. Each section must be ridden through (though not necessarily cleaned) at least once before the trial by
either the Trialsmaster or another non-competitor to ensure:
a) That the section can be ridden by the intended class.
b) That the section is not unduly dangerous or confusing.
c) To determine any wearing effect that competition will have on the terrain.
9. The Trialsmaster may not compete in the trial. Trialsmaster helpers may compete only in sections, which
they have never ridden. For example, if a helper creates Novice and Intermediate sections, but does not
help create Advanced or Expert sections, then the helper can compete in the Advanced or Expert
classes.
10. At the option of the Trialsmaster, a section may be used for more than one class. However, the routings
for the various classes must be clearly marked with class arrow markers so as to be easily understood by
all competitors.
11. A competitor may only ride the section and routing for his class during a trial.
12. A competitor may walk in a section at any time so long as he does not interfere with the observer or a
rider competing in that section.
13. Prior to the start of an event, a competitor or visitor may not practice ride or walk in any marked section.
To do so will result in disqualification.
14. No one shall change a section intentionally except the Trialsmaster. After the start of an event, no one,
including the Trialsmaster, shall change a section. If a section becomes unduly dangerous during the
event, the Trialsmaster will remove the section and strike all scores given for that section.
15. During competition, sections must be ridden in numerical order, though not necessarily beginning at
Section 1. Unless specifically instructed by the Trialsmaster, C.A.T. competitors may start the event at
any section they choose.
16. Any section not meeting the requirements detailed in Section D shall not be scored.
17. Protest of Sections:
a) Protests concerning the legality of a section must be submitted in writing by the competitor at the
close of the trial. Protests should be submitted to the Trialsmaster, a club officer, or the person at the
sign-in desk. The validity of the protest will then be judged by a panel consisting of the Trialsmaster
and two officers of C.A.T. within one hour of the closing time of the trial.
b) If a section is under protest, no finishing places of the class under protest may be decided until the
validity of the protest is determined.
c) If the section is judged to be non-conforming to these regulations, all competitors in the protester's
class shall be scored all cleans in that section.
d) Due to time limitations, it is advised that any competitor who feels a section does not conform to
these rules should file the protest and locate two club officers as soon as possible since section
markings are usually removed at closing time.
18. Loop Markings:
a) Morning and Afternoon section loops shall be marked with different color surveyor ribbon and
possibly arrow cards. Colors will be announced at the rider’s meeting. These will often be clothes
pinned to trees or bushes along the loop trail.
19. Section Orchestration: See Appendix A
Section E. SCORING
1. Observed Trials Scoring - In observed trials, the competitor is being graded by an observer or "checker"
who has no competitive interest in the competitor or in the section that he/she is checking. The “checker"
may be a competitor in a different class than he is observing as long as the "checker's" event occurs in a
different block of time. Example: Intermediate or Novice checking an Advanced or Expert event, or vice
versa.
2. Buddy System Scoring - As a last resort, should some unforeseen reason exclude the “checker" system
of scoring, the "buddy system" must be used. This system allows each competitor to become a checker,
and score the other competitors in his/her group. When possible, this system should be organized to use
groups of a minimum of three riders so as to be as fair as possible to all riders. When it is necessary to
use the “buddy system”, the Trialsmaster shall draw the riding groups, and assign a group leader. The
group leader will record all scores, except his/her own, and will settle all scoring disputes, subject to
protest. Riders must stay in their assigned groups for the duration of the event.
3. Note: Under no circumstances will a competitor record his/her own score. Should this be realized by the
Trialsmaster, the competitor will be disqualified from the event.
4. Scoring shall begin when the front wheel spindle (axle) of the machine passes between the vertical lines
defined by the "section start" gate markers.
5. Scoring shall end when the front wheel spindle (axle) of the machine passes between the vertical lines
defined by the "section end" gate markers.
6. Points (or marks or dabs) shall be imposed on the competitor's score in each section for the following
infractions:
a) Zero points - For no infractions. Called a "clean" or "zero".
b) One point:
(1) For any contact providing support between any part of the rider’s body or machine (exception:
tires, foot pegs, or skid plate) with the terrain (the "terrain" is considered ground, rocks, trees or
any other obstacle). This contact is typically called a “dab” or “footing”.
(2) If a competitor lofts the front wheel of his machine outside any boundary but clearly brings it
down to the ground inside the boundary while dabbing once, he shall be scored only one (1)
penalty point.
(3) A competitor's foot may "pivot" at the same spot on the ground and still be scored as one
point.
(4) Footing can occur either inside or outside boundaries.
c) Two points:
(1) For two dabs in a section as described in 6.B above.
(2) Both feet placed on the ground simultaneously counts as two points.
d) Three points - for three OR MORE dabs in a section as described in 6.B and 6.C above. Note: If a
competitor's foot slides along the ground during a dab, it is scored as three points.
e) Five points - for any of the following:
(1) The machine is moving backwards with or without the rider dabbing (as defined in 6.B.1).
(2) The Rider dismounts from the machine and has both feet on the ground on the same side of,
or behind the machine.
(3) Any displacement of markers with the machine or rider requiring that they be reset, i.e.
breaking or knocking down. Touching a boundary is not a five.
(4) Either wheel touches the ground or obstacle outside a boundary marker. If the marker is
fastened to a tree branch, bush or grass, the boundary is where the trunk meets the ground.
Note: Trialsmaster should avoid marking boundaries with ribbon on any grass, bush, branch or
rock, which is unstable. In the case of running over a taped boundary, there must be ground
visible between the tape and the wheel and the wheel must be on the ground on the out-ofbounds
side of the tape. It is permitted to float one wheel over a marker, but not both wheels,
i.e. jumping the machine over a boundary is a five.
(5) Receiving outside assistance while attempting a section.
(6) Intentionally altering a section.
(7) Crossing both of one's own wheel tracks with both wheels except where specifically required
or permitted by the Trialsmaster.
(8) Not waiting for a signal from the checker before entering a section.
(9) The rider does not have both hands on the handlebar when dabbing (as defined in 6.B.1)
while stationary.
(10) The engine stops while dabbing (as defined in 6.B.1) or while any part of the machine,
except for the tires, is used for support, without forward motion. The motorcycle must be moving
forward while footing with a dead engine to avoid a five.
(11) If the handlebar of the machine is used for support and the motorcycle is beyond 45 degrees
from vertical.
(12) The rider fails to pass through all the split gates for the rider’s class. Riders may ride where
they choose where boundaries are not marked by either split gates or tape.
(13) The front wheel does not precede the back wheel when passing through gates.
(14) The rider passes, in either direction through a gate of another class. That is breaking the
plane of a gate.
(15) The rider enters the section without the tether kill switch appropriately attached to his body.
f) Ten points will be assessed for each section that is not punched on a rider's score card when the card
is turned in at the scorer's table.
7. Marking Score Card: With the exception of E.6.F above, no more than five points shall be imposed for
infractions in any single attempt of a section.
a) Upon completion of that section, the competitor will present his score card to the observer for scoring.
When the card is marked or punched, the competitor should check the card to ensure that the proper
section and score has been marked, as this is the only time at which a protest can be noted. If the
wrong score has been marked, the observer must punch all but the correct score. The observer,
however, may not change the initial score for the ride; this can only be done under protest.
b) The competitor shall not argue with the checker over scoring.
c) No competitor shall influence a checker's scoring of another competitor.
d) Violation of rules 7B or 7C may result in review by the Trialsmaster and/or The Trials Committee who
may impose penalties.
8. Balk: If a rider's line is blocked or altered by a person or animal in the section or by an object knocked into
the section while he is riding that section, the rider may claim a balk. If the balk is accepted by the
checker, the rider receives no score for that attempt but is required to attempt the section again
immediately.
9. The time limit of the trials event must be announced at the riders' meeting. Once the event has
started, the time limit cannot be changed. After the time limit, the rider may arrive late, but penalty
points will be added for arrival at the scoring table after scheduled time at the rate of one point per
minute. Any rider turning in his scorecard later than 30 minutes after his/her scheduled time shall be
disqualified. Official time must be kept by a digital clock, so that a rider’s finish time includes all of the
finishing minute, e.g., if a finishing time is 4:31 p.m., that minute holds until the digital clock records
4:32. The riders’ finishing times shall be marked on their scorecards by an official at the scoring
table. To obtain the final score, points lost on time and points lost on observation are added.
10. As an alternate, the Trialsmaster may use a sweep rider to close the sections as soon
as appropriate. The sweep rider will close each section in numerical order, but starting wherever the
Trialsmaster chooses. If there are riders at a section still waiting to ride, the sweep rider will follow
the last one and close each section after him/her. In this case, the penalty time will continue until the
sweep rider reaches the scoring table.
11. Any participant not completing the event in the announced time will be scored a "DNF", regardless of the
number of sections ridden.
12. At the end of the trial, the rider who has received the fewest marks and has been scored in all sections
shall be deemed the winner of his/her class.
13. In the event of a tie, finishing places will be decided on the following basis:
a) Most cleans, most ones, most twos, most threes, etc.
b) Then a "ride off" as determined by the Trialsmaster.
14. Any disputes over scoring in a section shall be decided by protest. The correct procedure for protesting is:
a) In the section where the discrepancy occurs, the competitor must advise the checker that they are
going to protest the score.
b) When the competitor turns in the score card, he/she must also submit a written protest to the
Trialsmaster or person accepting scorecards. The written protest does not have to be anything
formal, but must include the section number, lap number, the score given by the checker and the
score the competitor believes to be correct.
c) The Trialsmaster shall settle any and all protests before finishing positions are decided.
Section F- GENERAL INFORMATION
1. These rules shall remain in effect for one year from the date of acceptance unless amended by The Trials
Committee. At the end of that year they shall be reviewed by the C.A.T. Trials Committee and re-adopted
or amended as necessary. Note: If a club member would like a rule changed or a new rule adopted,
he/she should submit the proposed rule in writing to a club officer or Trials Committee member before the
review. The Trials Committee must vote on all written proposed rules within 60 days of submission.
2. Release of Liability
It is a condition of acceptance of entry that Central Arizona Trials, Inc. shall not be held responsible for
any damage to any motorcycle or it's accessories, whether by fire, accident or any other causes, nor the
theft of any motorcycle or it's accessories during the event.
Further, it is a condition of acceptance of entry that Central Arizona Trials, Inc., property owners,
government agencies or any associated parties shall not be held responsible for personal injuries, loss of
life or loss of limb incurred by entrants in any C.A.T. event or spectators or visitors attending said event.
An entrant is liable for any damage caused by himself, or any agent, representative or servant acting on
his behalf during the day or days of the event.
Section G- SUPPLEMENT
1. In order to maintain an efficient observation system, when a competitor enters a C.A.T. event, the
competitor has automatically agreed to check a section as necessary. Exceptions: Visiting riders from
out-of-state are exempt from this rule, also see section C, 3J.
2. If there are insufficient volunteers to act as checkers at any C.A.T. event, the Trialsmaster will "draft" the
required number of persons from those entered in the event.
3. If an entrant is drafted to check and refuses to do so, then any championship points or transfer points will
not be awarded for that event. In addition, any trophies or awards will be forfeited. Exceptions or
legitimate excuses will be decided by the Trialsmaster only.
4. If an entrant can supply a capable substitute to work in a trial, either by volunteering before the event or
providing a substitute upon being drafted at the event, his/her obligation shall be considered fulfilled for
that event.
5. If a rider attempts to sign-in for the event after the announced cut-off time, he/she will be charged $10.00
for reopening the sign-in table unless he/she checks a section.
6. To be eligible for rider only prizes (red tickets) at the Annual Awards Banquet, you must be championship
eligible under Section A1, and have received championship points for half the previous season’s events -
plus one.
End of C.A.T. rules for 2020


Appendix
A- SECTION ORCHESTRATION
Originally by Len Weed and as used by the NATC.
BASICS: Organizers may not intend to set overly harsh trials but it happens. As a potential sectionsetter
for a trial, do you want the average rider to face a succession of clanging stops and pushing
threes? Or should we have a day that includes the opportunity to record a few cleans, ones or twos?
PLANNING: Assuming you feel a full range of scores preferable, the best way to accomplish that goal
is to plan for it. Orchestrate your section layout. To orchestrate section selection, picture the notes
on a sheet of music. A song with nothing but the same high notes, repeated again and again, isn’t as
satisfying as one with a full range of notes. Neither is a trial with nothing but fives and threes. Mix
easy, medium and hard sections just like a composer uses a full scale of notes.
SET UP FOR SUCCESS: *Write down what you need “8-10 sections” that vary in difficulty. Begin easy
and build. Make the first two or three sections potentially cleanable for most riders. This will curb the
early section standing around. As you select each section site-mark each one with a pie plate that
has the section difficulty, section number and day (Sat or Sun if a 2 day event) written on it. That way,
as each section is being set up you have a reminder of the section difficulty right there.
* This is key to getting the orchestration right.
KEY POINTS TO REMEMBER: In addition to section orchestration, the following suggestions are
offered to make events more enjoyable for most riders.
Don’t use any back-to-back sections. This creates bottlenecks. Don’t set each   section as difficult
as the terrain permits. 
End of Appendix
 

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